A mature living tree may take in more than 48 pounds of carbon dioxide in a single year. 20 litres of biochar may be captured in a single Burlap bag. This show much biochar is overall important & more is how to make biochar. In addition to lowering the quantity of carbon released into the atmosphere, biochar formed during the thermochemical breakdown of biomass serves as an eco-friendly substitute for activated carbon and other carbon-containing products. In this blog/article few simple & cheap techniques will be discussed on how to make biochar.
Actually “Biochar is a solid material obtained from the carbonization of biomass”. Fossil fuel combustion releases CO2, which contributes to climate change and global warming as well as the creation of air pollutants like sulfur and nitrogen oxides. Having the properties of adsorption makes it highly applicable in water purification, and air purification against heavy metals and pollutants. As a catalyst, it has immense applications like in the production of biodiesel, cleaning of syngas, air pollution control and many others. The best and the classic usage in Soil amendment and agriculture made biochar a tonic for both soil and agriculture conservation. So focusing on the many benefits of biochar, it’s been so necessary to learn and understand the whole process.
The moisture content of dry biomass, such as some wood species and agricultural leftovers, is low (less than 30%). However, wet biomass with a high moisture content (greater than 30%) usually refers to reliable biomass resources such as sewage sludge, algae, vegetable wastes, animal wastes, and so far.
Additional classifications for biomass include intentionally grown biomass (i.e., energy crops) and Food waste, sewage sludge, the organic (municipal solid waste) MSW component, agroforestry residues, and animal manure are all examples of waste biomass. All the above and many others are raw materials that can be easily converted into biochar.
How to make Biochar
Few days ago author rushed up in the morning and at the outside kitchen saw dry pieces of bread, and a few organic waste materials. This waste sold by people to Scrap related business owners. Author, have been studying and working on biofuels, bioenergy and biochar. At that moment rather than selling this item why I don’t turn them into biochar. This was a wonderful idea regarding entrepreneurship. So Author sets a drum fills the drum with dry bread and started carbonization. So here is the main point turning any organic waste into biochar is Eco-friendly and sustainable. Additionally, making it by a cheaper way.
A drum with holes at the bottom and a jet fan is all the equipment used in making biochar. This video shows the entire settings of equipment and technique.
Production of Biochar
Although there are many ways to produce biochar. Biomass is thermochemically converted to form biochar. Pyrolysis, torrefaction (dry or wet), gasification, and hydrothermal processing are all examples of thermochemical processes. For the synthesis of biochar, it is crucial to select the appropriate method and operational parameters (such as temperature, vapor and solid residence duration, heating rate, and reaction environment). Here the simple method of torrefaction was used also known as hydrothermal carbonization. Few kilograms of any type of cellulose-based material or organic waste can be used as raw material.
Procedure Of Making Biochar
These include a few little steps
Gathering of bread in dry form as raw material
Put the raw material in Drum and insert the chimney for a fast & Smokeless reaction.
Start combustion and it takes 8-10hr to turn completely into char.
The last product is Biochar(Powdered form & slump form).
Benefits of “How to make Biochar”
For so many reasons the techniques lead to how to make biochar is very futuristic, full of potential regarding Businesses and a sustainable environment.
Biochar fixes carbon by taking it out of the atmosphere and putting it into soil and products for human use.
Following are the most unique benefits of biochar.
Drought conditions by holding water in the soil.
Fertilizer shortages by holding nutrients in the soil.
Dead soil by improving conditions for beneficial soil microbes.
smelly manure and compost by supporting good microbes, balancing C:N and retaining nutrients.
Polluted soil by immobilizing heavy metals and other contaminants.
flooding by improving rainwater infiltration.
Eutrophication by absorbing nitrogen in water bodies.
Drinking water by filtering out contaminants.
Building material impacts when used as a substitute for resource-intensive components of asphalt, concrete and other building materials.
Human health and well-being as an ingredient in health and beauty products and for management of human sanitation.
Animal health when used as an animal feed supplement and for manure management and sanitation. These benefits definitely lead to understanding the worth of “Black Gold”.
Cost & Estimation
Following the given particulars are a few equipments required for “How to make Biochar”. This is the cheapest to make biochar. This mentioned amount is in PKR(Pakistan Currency). All it takes almost 20$ to start the project and anybody can preserve Environment and soil.
|1||Cost of Drum||950|
|2||Cost of jet fan||700|
|3||Cost of wiring||150|
Concept of Jet fan
The Jet-Fan was created based on the principles of fluidized bed combustion. The simplest form of combustion or gasification involves the suspension of fuel particles in a fluid bed of ash and other particulate materials (sand, limestone, etc.) that is hot, bubbling, and through which jets of air are blown (under air) to supply the oxygen needed for combustion or gasification. Rapid heat transmission and chemical reactions occur within the bed as a result of the fast and intimate mixing of gas and solids that results. The jet fan has immense benefits. It can be used for Making charcoal, charcoal briquettes, activated carbon and lump charcoal.
Although How to make biochar is not only a making product and start selling. Its a complete entrepreneurship in itself. It took all essential elements required for the generation of sustainable development. The most beneficial parts are the waste management, soil enhancer, remedy for soil, carbon neutral, air purifier, water purifier and many more. All these elements are interlinked with each other. Together these elements can save the climate, environment, and nature. One of the best entrepreneur practices is to start working on environment and climate change in 2022. For many reason the for starting a business and establish an industry. The best potential idea nowadays is understand and starts working on how to make biochar.
The most important fact and the finding was the making of biochar is very easy and cheap. Anyone can start making biochar from their home. The main postulate is to understand how much it’s essential for the future and present. Understanding its pros and cons is a thing that can change the world with little effort. CFC gases, Emissions, GHG gases, water contamination, soil and minerals deficiencies, climate change, environment are the leading global issues.
The mitigation is needed due to alarming situation. Everybody has to take part to save the world and upcoming generations. In all these needs and demands Starting “How to make biochar” is the best way to participate in the global campaign to save the world. As a part of the environment and nature another aspect its potential business. Many developed and developing countries initiates start-ups & start investing in Biochar manufacturing on large scale. In last “With the single bag of Biochar, you can transform 792 tons of atmospheric CO₂ into organic carbon for soil health and quality”.